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時間:2022-10-03 來源:本站 點擊:258次
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25万苏军参加大片拍摄,踩着炸点进入片场:900吨炸药造百亿票房******

原标题:25万苏军参加大片拍摄,踩着炸点进入片场:900吨炸药造百亿票房

虽然今天各种特效战争大片充斥,但不可否认,上个世纪中后期拍摄的一些实景拍摄的史诗巨制才堪称真正的经典。如,苏俄在20世纪60年代上映的《战争与和平》四部曲就是其中的代表作。其得到了当时苏俄军队的大力支持,苏国防部长格列齐克甚至说:苏军可以满足电影拍摄的一切需求。令人感到惊讶的是,参与片中大型会战的演员,竟然和19世纪真实的战争数量近乎一样。

俄国1812年战争

托尔斯泰的《战争与和平》相信大家都耳熟能详。“苦难是最好的作者”,处在时代变革阶段的他经历了战争与变革中的悲欢离合,在19世纪的大时代背景下塑造了一个个鲜活的人物。20世纪50年代,苏俄方面决定,将这部巨制拍摄成电影。在当年缺乏特效的情况下,涉及大型战争的场面都要实景拍摄。其实即使有特效俄国人也不会用,因为他们追求把这部电影拍摄成“令人身临其境的永恒的经典”,最真实的方法就是排兵布阵再打上一仗。

电影《战争与和平》剧照

在整个电影4年的拍摄历程中,苏军总计派出了25万名士兵参与拍摄!提供了900吨炸药协助拍摄战争场面。其还原的19世纪初的俄法战争已经使用了火枪火炮,必须动用炸药制造炸点,而且当时的战争仍是步兵方队战争,士兵都是拍成整齐的方阵投入战场。一次交战的拍摄可能要涉及到数万名演员,一般的群演根本不可能完成这样的任务,只有军队可以!电影中的俄法两军官兵,大部分都是由真正的苏军扮演的。在拍摄过程中,苏军士兵以高度的纪律性参演,一些危险的爆炸场面中,战士们踩着炸点进入片场,导演、主演都向苏军官兵们致敬。

电影中还原的法军方阵,其实都是由现役苏军扮演的

在拍摄1812年俄法战争的决定性会战:博罗季诺大战时,8个苏军步兵师集体换上了100多年前的军服,只为了拍摄这一场戏。苏军当时还剩下的少量骑兵部队也参与了表演:因为100多年前的战场上,骑兵的重要性就如同今天的坦克一样,不可缺少。当时虽然没有电子特效,但很多战争电影也喜欢采用模型等特效方式节约开支,但效果肯定会打折扣。导演邦达尔丘克一直认为,史诗电影的效果必须用实景拍摄才能烘托出气势,不屑用特效。

70年代拍摄的另外一部史诗电影,反映二战的《解放》

整部电影投资巨大,堪称举国之力拍摄:目标就是打造一部无法超越的俄国经典。电影上映后,不仅苏俄国内万人空巷,也在西方引起了轰动。美国、日本、法国、英国等国的电影公司纷纷引进这部电影播放。根据统计,这部电影在全球取得了4亿美元票房。这是什么概念?根据购买力折算,这笔钱大概相当于今天的15亿美元,约合100余亿人民币。

苏军

俄国人就如同双头鹰一般有两面性:他们最擅长的事情分别是艺术和战争。在其历史上,诞生了大量艺术家,在芭蕾舞、绘画、小说、电影上取得了一个又一个堪称巅峰的成就。俄国人的历史又是一部战争史,要么是入侵别国,要么是别人入侵,从未停歇。

China's retail sales up 16.4 pct in Jan.******

BEIJING, Oct. 18 (Xinhua) -- China's retail sales of consumer goods went up 16.4 percent year on year in the first three quarters this year, data from the National Bureau of Statistics showed (NBS) Monday.

The country's retail sales of consumer goods totaled around 31.8 trillion yuan (about 4.9 trillion U.S. dollars) in Jan.-Sept. period, data from the NBS showed.

In September, China's total retail sales of consumer goods stood at 3.68 trillion yuan, up 4.4 percent year on year.

The figure increased by 7.8 percent from September 2019, putting the September average growth of the past two years at 3.8 percent, according to the NBS. Enditem

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Chinese top******

BEIJING, Nov. 3 (Xinhua) -- Chinese Super League side Hebei FC is struggling desperately for survival, said one of its players.。

The Langfang-based club, which once shelled out for Javier Mascherano and Ezequiel Lavezzi, has ceased office operations and suspended training of four of its youth teams due to financial difficulties in October.。

Lei Tenglong, who joined the Hebei side early this year, conceded that the club is mired in serious trouble.。

"At the time of my arrival, the club told me that its financial situation was rather grim. Now it has become much more difficult, struggling to sustain the club's daily operations," said the 30-year-old central defender.。

He urged government to step in soon to save the club.。

"As things are becoming very hard for all of us, we hope government can expedite the process to help the club. We players cannot wait indefinitely," he said.。

As the Chinese Super League campaign has been suspended to free up national team players to play the FIFA World Cup qualifiers, the Hebei FC senior team players are on vacation after their exit from the Chinese FA Cup tournament earlier last month.。

"The players have been taking holidays since, and in order to maintain fitness we need to train on our own. We have no idea when our holidays will end," he said. Enditem。

Economic Watch: China's logistics industry embraces greener, smarter era******

BEIJING, Nov. 3 (Xinhua) -- In the face of multiple challenges including the COVID-19 pandemic and climate change, a lower-carbon and smarter logistics industry is emerging in China.。

Liang Dalin, 48, has bid farewell to the traditional energy- and time-consuming workstyle thanks to a mobile app. He now no longer needs to waste time searching for goods and waiting for distribution.。

"The app helps me locate the goods easily. I don't need to drive around looking for them anymore," said Liang, a transport truck driver.。

The app is developed by Full Truck Alliance, also known as Manbang that runs a domestic freight service platform. Using big data, the company helps truck drivers find goods quickly and reduces empty-load rates and fuel consumption, cutting carbon emissions by an estimated 330,000 tonnes in 2020.。

"The global supply chain and logistics industry are facing unprecedented challenges due to deglobalization and other risks," said Hu Yadong, president of the China Communications and Transportation Association.。

China's logistics industry ranked first in the world in freight volume, turnover rate and express delivery volume in 2020, said Wang Jianjun, director of the economic and trade department of the National Development and Reform Commission.。

Wang added that the country's logistics industry has maintained a sound momentum of development in recent years, with low overall costs and growth in transportation volume.。

Xu Yahua, chief engineer with the Ministry of Transport, said developing green logistics is of great significance to the sustainable development of the economy and society since the industry is a major player of energy consumption and carbon emission.。

The application of digitalization and other technologies to road transportation can effectively improve the efficiency of the transportation system, and help reduce vehicle energy consumption and carbon emissions, according to a research jointly conducted by the ministry and Manbang.。

The research results showed that 69.51 million tonnes of carbon dioxide emissions can be reduced each year if the empty-load rate is lowered to 25 percent from 45 percent.。

According to data from China's leading logistics companies, their investment in smart equipment exceeded 15 billion yuan (about 2.34 billion U.S. dollars) in 2020, and more than 370 intelligent distribution hubs have been built across the country. Artificial intelligence, big data and other cutting-edge technologies are widely applied to transportation, warehousing and packaging.。

The total size of China's intelligent transportation market increased from 42 billion yuan in 2011 to 165.8 billion yuan in 2020, with an annual growth rate of around 20 percent, showed statistics released by China Intelligent Transportation Systems Association.。

"It is necessary to promote transformation and upgrading of the logistics industry with digital innovations, so as to boost high-quality economic development," Xu said. Enditem。

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